Italian real-world analysis of the impact of polypharmacy and aging on the risk of multiple drug-drug interactions (DDIs) in HCV patients treated with pangenotypic direct-acting antivirals (pDAA)

Purpose: The study aims at investigating the impact of polymedication and aging in the prevalence of multiple drug-drug interactions (DDIs) on HCV patients treated with sofosbuvir/velpatasvir (SOF/VEL) or glecaprevir/pibrentasvir (GLE/PIB). Patients and Methods: This is a retrospective analysis based on administrative data covering around 6.9 million individuals. Patients treated with SOF/VEL or GLE/PIB over November 2017–March 2020 were included. Index date corresponded to SOF/VEL or GLE/PIB first prescription during such period; patients were followed up for treatment duration. Analyses were then focused on patients with ≥2 comedications at risk of multiple DDIs. The severity and the effect of multiple DDI were identified using the Liverpool University tool. Results: A total of 2057 patients with SOF/VEL and 2128 with GLE/PIB were selected. Mean age of SOF/VEL patients was 58.5 years, higher than GLE/PIB ones (52.5 years) (p < 0.001), and patients >50 years were more present in SOF/VEL vs GLE/PIB cohorts: 72% vs 58%, (p < 0.001). Most prescribed co-medications were cardiovascular, alimentary and nervous system drugs. Proportion of patients with ≥2 comedications was higher in SOF/VEL compared to GLE/PIB cohort (56.5% vs 32.3%, p < 0.001). Those at high-risk of multiple DDIs accounted for 11.6% (N = 135) of SOF/VEL and 19.6% (N = 135) of GLE/PIB (p < 0.001) patients with ≥2 comedications. Among them, the potential effect of DDI was a decrease of DAA serum levels (11% of SOF/VEL and GLE/PIB patients) and an increased concentration of comedication serum levels (14% of SOF/VEL and 42% of GLE/PIB patients). Conclusion: This real-world analysis provided a thorough characterization on the burden of polymedication regimens in HCV patients treated with SOF/VEL or GLE/PIB that expose such patients to an increased risk of DDIs. In our sample population, SOF/ VEL regimen was more frequently detected on elderly patients and on those with ≥2 comedications at risk of multi-DDI, ie, among patients characterized by higher rates of comorbidities and polypharmacy. Keywords: administrative database, glecaprevir/pibrentasvir, hepatitis C, sofosbuvir/velpatasvir, polymedication