Real-world Evaluation of the Management, Treatment Pathways and Outcome of Melanoma Patients with Target Therapies in Italy

In recent years, an increasing trend in the incidence of melanoma has been observed in Europe. Although early diagnosis and prompt intervention with local resection often results in positive outcomes, conversely, metastatic disease is still clinically challenging with a poor prognosis and a 5-year survival of around 30%. The growing awareness of melanoma biology and of antitumor immune responses has allowed the development of novel therapies targeted at specific molecular alterations occurring at advanced stages. This realworld analysis examined patients with melanoma in Italy, focusing on treatment patterns, outcome, time to discontinuation (TTD), and resource consumption. Methods: Two retrospective observational analyses were conducted for BRAF? patients with metastatic melanoma and those with a positive sentinel lymph node biopsy in an adjuvant setting, retrieving data from the administrative databases covering 13.3 million residents. The cohort melanoma BRAF? in metastatic setting comprised 729 patients with targeted therapy (TT) (n = 671 with TT as first line and 79 as second line). Results: Median TTD was 10.6 months in first line and 8.1 months in second line. Median overall survival from the start of first TT line was 27 months and was 11.8 months for patients with brain metastasis. In the dabrafenib plus trametinib patients, main healthcare resource consumption tended to increase in the presence of brain metastasis. The cohort with a positive sentinel lymph node biopsy under adjuvant therapy (n = 289) included 8% patients treated with dabrafenib plus trametinib or tested BRAF?, 5% BRAF wild-type, and 10% under immunotherapy. Conclusion: Our findings provided an overview on TT utilization on metastatic melanoma patients in real clinical practice and highlighted an increased burden in brain metastatic patients.